What is Asthma?
Asthma is a long-term health condition which affects the airways in the lungs. People with asthma have sensitive airways that narrow in response to a trigger. This can happen at anytime. When a person with asthma is having an asthma flare-up, the muscles around the airways squeeze tight, the airways swell and more mucus is produced. This makes it hard to breathe. A sudden or severe asthma flare-up is often called an asthma attack.
What are the symptoms of asthma?
A person’s asthma symptoms can vary over time - sometimes they will have no symptoms, especially when their asthma is well-controlled. Symptoms often vary from person to person, but they are most commonly:
- tight feeling in the chest
- continuing cough
Symptoms often occur at night, early in the morning or during/just after activity. They are caused by the narrowing of the airways.
If your asthma is well controlled, you should only have occasional asthma symptoms.
If you have symptoms regularly, you should see your doctor, and visit the Controlling Asthma section.
If you’re not sure if you have asthma you should see your doctor. There is more information on diagnosis in Could it be asthma?
The causes of asthma are not fully understood, although people with asthma often have a family history of asthma, eczema and hayfever.
Research has shown that exposure to tobacco smoke (especially as a baby or young child), obesity and some workplace chemicals can increase the risk of developing asthma.
Researchers continue to try to find out more about what causes asthma and how we might prevent it.
First Aid Managment
To find out the first aid management for someone who is showing signs of Asthma please book into either our 2 day Beginner First Aid Course (HLTAID003) or our 1 day First aid refresher course (HLTAID003).
You can either book through our website or give one of our friendly staff a call on 07 4987 6947.